How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph
- Jul 11, 2023
While a body paragraph is the major and critical section of an essay, it is yet more convenient to write than introductions and conclusions. Students sometimes may take hours either just to begin their papers or to structure their conclusions. How to write an introduction and how to write a conclusion, if excelled both, they can decide the level of influence of the central message on the readers’ experience.
On one hand, the introduction helps the readers transport from their point of view to the writer’s perspective. On the other hand, through conclusions, readers are able to relate the writer’s analysis to their own lives. It means that conclusions will make them understand why the research and analysis are important and how the information will be of any use to them. Crafting such a conclusion is what you will learn in this article of EduHelpHub.
About Conclusion Paragraphs and Their Purpose
Being the last part of communicating ideas, a conclusion allows you to tie your thoughts together and interpret them with confidence, with the intention to change the viewpoint of the readers on the problem topic. The writing process cannot be stated as a very complex task but making a good and lasting impression takes quite a planning.
A conclusion is meant to be impactful to keep the readers engaged long enough. It is the last thing they will read to perceive your entire work. The idea of how to write a conclusion includes reiterating the thesis, wrapping up the key arguments and supporting ideas, and giving a final evaluation of the discerned insights.
For students thinking about how to write a conclusion, it takes an emotional note if writing personal statements, whereas, it is argumentative if the essays are based on critical analysis. Conclusions can also include a call to action in rare circumstances. In some scenarios, the writer may seek more than just educating the audience, perhaps signing up for newsletters, asking them to make a purchase, or asking for some authoritative action on the issue.
How to Write a Conclusion: Effective Strategies
Now that you know why to write a conclusion, the next and most crucial thing you will learn is how to write a conclusion. Simultaneous to giving a sense of closure, it also opens up new possibilities to address. Yet if you are wondering how to bind all the ideas to make a strong conclusion, implementing the below strategies can simplify the larger approach.
- The “So what?” Strategy
Prior to understanding how to write a conclusion, first read the rest of the introduction and body content with a friend. Suppose you are saying from the essay that education is very influential for women. Your friend might ask in that context, “So what?”. Your answer may be that through education women get numerous opportunities to get empowered and also enable them to take independent decisions. The next question of your friend might be, “Why is this idea of any significance?”. Your probable response would be,
“Due to the ongoing gender disparities, women often face barriers in accessing employment, leadership positions, and decision-making roles. But if they are educated, they will gain long-term economic security and become more competitive and productive, which in turn will let them opt for higher-paying positions and entrepreneurial ventures, as well as contribute to the betterment of society and economy as a whole.”
You can deduce here that asking a “So what?” question had created a ripple effect in transforming your crude arguments to making a relatable approach. Understanding clearly this approach will provide a direction on how to write a conclusion and may also help generate new ideas for further scope to study.
- Return to the Problem Topic
Rewriting the thematic statement in a different frame of words than in the introduction paragraph is how you must start the conclusion with. This should be followed by readdressing the main introductory points and concepts as a reference to what you are about to culminate. Ensure to rephrase the language overall.
- Synthesize the Main Points
The next step on how to write a conclusion paragraph is to summarize and link up the key evidence and research of the body content. Academic essays and research papers are extensive where about 10-15% of the paper is covered by the introduction and conclusion each and the rest is consumed by the body content. Because the conclusion takes up the smallest space, it is not possible to reword all the points of arguments. This is why the strategy here is to emphasize only the ones that are the most important, relevant, and useful of all.
- Address the Gap in the Research
A question might arise in the minds of students “How to write a conclusion paragraph for scientific papers and is it any different from other academic papers?”. The answer is just one point apart, which is that you must include the mention of research gaps, if any, along with other information. Scientific papers or papers that are based on calculations and other survey instruments may miss some variables. The missing data must be acknowledged right after wrapping up the previously discussed points.
At the time of discussing the limitations, describe each of them in concise detail, explain what caused these limitations, mention how to fill the research gap, and finally, determine the level of the impact made by the limitations on the current study. These elements of how to write a conclusion will open up extended research possibilities which will help other scholars to explore your research subject from a different angle.
- Focus on Newly Extracted Perspective
While recapitulating, you might gain some new and interesting insights that you may want to share with your professors or instructors. You can do this by pushing your ideas a step past your thesis. But when you are engrossed in how to write a conclusion, keep in mind that the new insight should be deciphered from the existing provided information and should not be anything out of the discussed context.
This comprehension may strike more concluding questions. You must specify these questions clearly. When writing on persuasive speech topics the sole motive is to convince the evaluators of your take. Therefore, leaving these questions open-ended will persuade and motivate them to stay interested in your paper for a bit longer.
- End with a Strong Kicker
Adding a strong kicker statement is the final task on how to write a conclusion paragraph. It basically means the ending sentence which can be a clincher, like an impactful quote, fact, or a call to action. You can also provide some solution to the issue or compare and contrast an already existing study similar to your topic. Another option is to end the paragraph with a warning or advice. By this statement, you will get an idea of how you want your readers to react at the end.
How to write a conclusion doesn’t just end with the writing part. You must validate all the concluding points by proofreading. Ignoring this stage is found to be very common among students. Due to lack of time, they may leave out the revision process which keeps the grammatical or contextual errors overlooked. This act further affects their grades.
How to Write a Conclusion: The Do’s and Don’ts
Apart from the main components mentioned above, there are a few more points to consider while answering how to write a conclusion. To provide a conclusion larger meaning it needs to convey the thoughts and ideas in a more transparent way. Following are the do’s and don’ts to making a lucid approach:
- Do read the introduction and body sections again before writing the conclusion to identify the main claims.
- Do write the conclusion paragraphs using the past tense, like “this paper analyzed” or “the purpose of this research was”.
- When providing a new insight, do start with a new angle to express your topic if you had time and more word count. Or you can mention a different topic where it is possible to apply the same thesis.
- Do add open questions for the audience to ponder on, but don’t add new evidence. Any new idea introduced at the end might confuse the readers. Instead, insert it in a new paragraph in the body content.
- Do write with confidence and keep the tone consistent throughout the paper.
- Do summarize the context, don’t discuss it further. However, make sure that summary is not the sole content of how to write a conclusion, it is just a part of it.
- Don’t begin the conclusion with redundant phrases, like “In conclusion”, “In summary”, or “To sum up”.
- Do understand the context and length of the expository essay or other types of analytical and personal essays and write the conclusion accordingly. Like, in short papers reiterating the arguments is not required, while in a larger paper, you get more space to synthesize multiple points.
- One of the do’s of how to write a conclusion is to be unbiased and logical in your reasoning. Don’t make an appeal that’s sentimental.
- Do be professional and suggestive and share your opinions for possible improvement.
- Do conclude the paper on a positive note.
In addition to these tips, if you have a question about how to write a conclusion that is more personalized, then let us tell you that you may use self-illustrating words, like “I” or “me”. Using first-person pronouns in conclusions provides a clarification that the opinions presented are your own and helps to make an emotional connection with the readers without being partial.
Assisting Phrases to Begin a Conclusion
So, how to write a conclusion without using monotonous concluding phrases? Don’t forget that your paper needs to elevate the experience of your professors, so be distinct with your choice of words. Here are a few assisting phrases to give you a boost:
- Studying the results from all three campaigns shows…
- In light of the evidence presented, it can be concluded that…
- The study has demonstrated that the provided solution will be productive only if…
- The findings together underscore the importance of…
- Overall, the investigation emphasizes the potential applications of…
- Based on the evidence presented, we can deduce that…
- This study has successfully addressed the research objectives by…
You can insert these phrases by matching the context of your paper. But there is no end to possibilities of how you want to frame the words. You can keep your professors attentive in many ways, just keep it relevant to the thesis and arguments. The rest will be done by sticking to the strategic steps of how to write a conclusion.
Example of a Good Conclusion
A sense of closure is what is expected from a good essay conclusion whether writing an academic paper or narrative. There should be a feeling of a natural ending by not leaving any loose ends. Here is an example that could act as a good reference if you are to write on a marketing topic:
This study has proposed valuable insights by exploring the dynamics of marketing. It has emphasized the significant influence of online platforms on consumer behavior and their decision-making. Another finding demonstrated that the personalized marketing tactics of social media act effectively in keeping the diverse consumer segments engaged. It has also been deduced that through influencer marketing practices, more consumers turn brand loyal. Additionally, by taking advantage of the data analytics metrics, companies can successfully track the success of their reach and hold a position in the virtual world. Altogether, the research infers that marketers must adapt innovative marketing strategies to stay competitive for a long time. This can change the landscape of consumer psychology in the digital era.
It can be seen that the provided conclusion is very precise with the details. It began by restating the thesis followed by briefly summing up some of the main points of the impacts of advanced marketing on consumer behavior. It has then provided a suggestion considering the findings. Lastly, the conclusion is ended with a kicker sentence.
Hopefully, by following these essential guidelines, you will be able to grasp the technique of how to write a conclusion paragraph. Remember, that a good and thought-provoking conclusion provides the readers with a solution and new details of discovery.